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In the intricate dance of biomechanics, our feet play a vital role in supporting our body weight and facilitating movement. However, issues such as overpronation and supination can disrupt this delicate balance, leading to discomfort, pain, and potential injury. In this blog, we'll explore the differences between overpronation and supination, their effects on foot health, and ways to correct these biomechanical imbalances.

Overpronation: The Inward Roll

Overpronation occurs when the foot rolls inward excessively during the gait cycle, causing the arch to collapse and the ankle to rotate inward. This inward rolling motion places excessive strain on the arch, ankle, knee, and even the lower back. Over time, it can lead to a variety of foot problems, including plantar fasciitis, shin splints, and Achilles tendonitis.

Supination: The Outward Roll

Conversely, supination (also known as underpronation) is characterized by an outward rolling motion of the foot during the gait cycle. In this scenario, the foot fails to pronate enough to absorb the shock of each step effectively. As a result, the impact forces are concentrated on the outer edge of the foot, leading to issues such as ankle sprains, stress fractures, and iliotibial band syndrome.

Effects on Foot Health

Both overpronation and supination can have far-reaching effects on foot health and overall biomechanics. Some common symptoms associated with these conditions include:

  1. Overpronation: Flat feet, arch pain, heel pain, bunions, calluses, and knee pain.
  1. Supination: High arches, lateral ankle instability, ankle sprains, stress fractures, and IT band syndrome.

Left unaddressed, these biomechanical abnormalities can exacerbate existing conditions and increase the risk of developing new ones, ultimately impacting mobility and quality of life.

Corrective Measures

Fortunately, there are several strategies to correct overpronation and supination and mitigate their effects on foot health:

  1. Proper Footwear: Choose shoes with adequate arch support, stability, and cushioning to help control pronation and supination.
  1. Orthotic Inserts: Custom or over-the-counter orthotic inserts can provide additional support and alignment for individuals with overpronation or supination.
  1. Strength and Flexibility Exercises: Perform exercises to strengthen the muscles of the feet, ankles, and lower legs, as well as improve flexibility and range of motion.
  1. Gait Analysis: Undergo a gait analysis by a podiatrist or physical therapist to identify biomechanical abnormalities and develop a personalized treatment plan.
  1. Bracing or Taping: In some cases, bracing or taping techniques may be used to help stabilize the foot and ankle and promote proper alignment during movement.
  1. Footwear Modifications: Consider modifications such as heel wedges or motion control features to address specific gait abnormalities.


Overpronation and supination are common biomechanical issues that can have a significant impact on foot health and overall well-being. By understanding the differences between these conditions and implementing appropriate corrective measures, individuals can alleviate discomfort, reduce the risk of injury, and optimize their mobility and quality of life.

Stride Right: Finding Balance with Oklahoma Foot and Ankle Associates

As we conclude our exploration of overpronation and supination, remember that finding balance is key to maintaining optimal foot health and mobility. At Oklahoma Foot and Ankle Associates, our team of skilled specialists Drs. Gordon Bean, Armando Carro, Scott Morris, and Steve Walker are committed to guiding you towards a path of comfort and wellness.

Don't let biomechanical imbalances hinder your stride. Contact Oklahoma Foot and Ankle Associates at (405) 340-9251 or visit our Moore/Midwest City Office at (405) 794-6691 to schedule an appointment. Together, let's take the necessary steps towards achieving balance, comfort, and confidence in every stride.

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The Top 10 Things You Must Know Before Choosing Your Podiatrist If you are researching for the most qualified podiatrists in Moore, Edmond, Midwest City, for your family, then you are in the right place at Oklahoma Foot & Ankle Associates! Just like every foot is different, podiatry offices are different. For help with your research, read the free report below provided by the Doctors at Oklahoma Foot & Ankle Associates. Read Your Report Now!
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